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Mobile phones and WiFi radiation health risks

There have been many skeptics since the very initial introduction of wireless service about what the constant exposure to radiation can do to human health and the nature surrounding it.

While the world is bracing for the launch of 5G services the question of the health risks looms large.

The result of the extensive study that was conducted by the National Institutes of Health, US was inconclusive. The 10 year study was conducted using 2G and 3G wireless radiation exposure on animals for 9 hours each day. While it did show the increased risk of mutation leading to the growth of tumors or tissue and DNA damage in a group of rodents, another group did not show any evident health issues related to the exposure.

The International Agency for Research on Cancer has cited exposure to radiation as a potent carcinogen for humans. It means that long term exposure to radiations could result in extensive damage.

But here is something to think about. The studies were conducted on animals that were expo…

2016 - The Achievements of Ministry of Labour

Achievements and initiatives of the Ministry Of Labour & Employment

The Government of India is following the approach of 'Reform to Transform' through far-reaching structural reforms. Employment Generation is the first priority for the Government. After going through a decade of jobless growth, the Centre is working on a comprehensive strategy to bring employment to the core of development strategy, promoting industrial activity through Make in India, enhancing employability through Skill India and encouraging innovation and entrepreneurship through Start up India.

The Ministry of Labour and Employment is committed towards job security, wage security and social security for each and every worker. Along with bringing transparency and accountability in enforcement of Labour Laws,the Ministry has taken important initiatives to realize and establish the dignity of every worker through provision of social security, enhancing the avenues and quality of employment.

Legislative Reforms:
The Payment of Bonus (Amendment) Bill, 2015 passed by the Parliament in the Winter Session has been published in the Gazette of India, Extraordinary on 1st January, 2016 as Act No. 6 of 2016 to come into force on the 1st day of April, 2014. The Payment of Bonus (Amendment) Act, 2015 envisages enhancement of eligibility limit under section 2(13) from Rs.10,000/- per month to Rs.21,000/- per month and Calculation Ceiling under section 12 from Rs. 3500 to Rs.7000 or the minimum wage for the scheduled employment, as fixed by the appropriate Government, whichever is higher. The Payment of Bonus (Amendment) Act, 2015 also mandates previous publication of draft subordinate legislations, framed under the enabling provisions under the said Act, in the Official Gazette for inviting objections and suggestions before their final notification.

The Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Bill, 2016 passed by Rajya Sabha on 11th August,2016 which inter-alia include increasing maternity benefit to woman covered under the Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 from 12 weeks to 26 weeks up to two surviving children allowing the mother to take care of the child during his/her most formative stage, providing maternity benefit of 12 weeks to Commissioning mother (in case of surrogate child) and Adopting mother (in case of adoption), facilitate "work from home" to a mother with mutual consent of the employee and the employer, making mandatory in respect of establishment having fifty or more employees, to have the facility of cr�che either individually or as a shared common facility within such distance as may be prescribed by rules & also to allow four visits to the cr�che by the woman daily, including the interval for rest allowed to her and every establishment to intimate in writing and electronically to every woman at the time of her initial appointment about the benefits available under the Act.

The Employees' Compensation (Amendment) Bill, 2016 was passed in Lok Sabha on 9th August, 2016 to modify the provisions of Employees' Compensation Act, 1923 to rationalize the penalties and strengthen the rights of the worker under the Act.

The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2016, passed by the Parliament on 26th July,2016. This Amendment Bill clearly stipulates total and complete prohibition on employment of children below 14 years and proposed more stringent punishments for violations. Amendment bill seeks to ensure the Right of Children to schooling and learning. However, children are allowed to help in their family enterprises only in non-hazardous occupations and that too only after school hours or during vacations. Amendment also prohibits Adolescents in the age group of 14-18 years of their employment in hazardous occupations and permits their engagement in only certain occupations to be specified in due course.

Cabinet in its meeting held on 29th June,2016 considered the Model Shops and Establishment (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Bill, 2016. The Model Bill is a suggestive piece of legislation and has been finalized keeping in view the spirit of cooperative federalism. This gives liberty to States for fine tuning the Model bill to suit their requirement. This Model Bill applies to shops and establishments employing ten or more workers except manufacturing units. This Model bill gives freedom to operate 365 days in a year and opening/closing time of establishment, women to be permitted during night shift, if the provision of shelter, rest room, ladies toilets, adequate protection of their dignity and transportation etc., exists.

Labour Codes:
The 2ndNational Commission on Labour had recommended codification of Labour Laws in to 4-5 Groups on functional basis. At present, Ministry of Labour & Employment is working to rationalize the provisions of the 43 Labour Laws in 4 Labour Codes viz.

Labour Code on Wages -.
Labour Code on Industrial Relations -
Labour Code on Social Security & Welfare -.
Labour Code on Safety &Working Conditions -
Administrative Initiatives / Decisions:

The government has announced more than 42% increase in the minimum wages for all sectors in the central sphere. For the first time minimum wages for all sectors; agricultural, non-Agricultural, Construction etc. have been increased simultaneously. Minimum wage (per day) for non-agricultural worker in the 'C' area category increased form Rs. 246/- to Rs 350/-,Rs 437/- in 'B' area category and Rs. 523/- in 'A' area category.
ESI coverage on Wage ceiling has been increased from Rs.15000/- to Rs.21,000/-.
Minimum pension under EPS has been revised to Rs.1000/- in perpetuity per month in April 2015.
Bonus ceiling has been enhanced from Rs.3500/- to Rs.7000/- and the eligibility limit has been raised from Rs.10000/- to Rs.21000/-
EDLI Benefit increased from 3.6 Lakh (max) to 6.0 Lakh(max)
Time limit reduced to 20 days from 30 days for EPF claim settlements.
Optional Deferment of age for drawing Pension from 58 year to 60 year with 4% per year incentive.

Revised scheme for the rehabilitation of Bonded Labour with the quantum of financial assistance increased from the symbolic level of Rs 20 thousand to an amount of Rs 3 lakhs. While the most deprived and marginalized like the disabled, female and children rescued from trafficking, sexual exploitation and transgender will get Rs 3 lakhs, the next in order is the special category comprising of females and the minors who will now get Rs 2 lakhs. A normal adult male bonded labour will get Rs. 1 lakh.

Extending coverage of ESI Scheme for extending its social security net to the whole country.
The Government has issued coverage Notifications covering 165 districts in whole where the ESI Scheme was earlier implemented in part.
Decision taken to enhance the maternity benefits under ESIC from existing 12 weeks to 26 weeks. Adopting and commissioning mothers also to get maternity benefits. Intention notification sent for legal vetting.
It is decided to reduce the employees' and employers contribution under ESI Act from existing 1.75 and 4.75% to 1% and 3%, respectively for two years in new implemented areas of districts where ESI scheme is partly implemented. Intention notification published on 25.7.2016

ESI Coverage has been extended to Construction workers in the implemented area. Construction site Workers have been covered to avail benefits under the ESI Scheme w.e.f. 1st August, 2015.

III. Extending the social security benefits of ESI Scheme in the remaining North-East States Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur and Andaman & Nicobar Island. It has been implemented in Mizoram w.e.f. 1.12.2015 and in Port Blair w.e.f. 01.01.2016.

Governance Reforms through Technology
Ease of compliance & better enforcement of Labour Laws
Shram Suvidha Portal in the Central Sphere

A unified Web Portal 'Shram Suvidha Portal' launched on 16.10.2014 to bring transparency and accountability in enforcement of labour laws and ease complexity of compliance. Main features of this portal included

Unique Labour Identification Number (LIN) is allotted to Units. 13.19 Lakh LIN allotted as on 09.09.2016.
Filing of self-certified and simplified Single Online Common Annual Return by the establishments. Units will only file a single consolidated Return online instead of filing separate Returns under 9 Labour Acts.
Transparent Labour Inspection Scheme through computerized system Total 2,37,579 inspections have been assigned and out of that 2,20,945 inspections have been uploaded as on 09.09.2016.
Establishment can now submit monthly contribution return for ESIC and EPFO using this portal
Multilingual Shram Suvidha Portal-with options in 11 languages.

Recent initiatives on Shram Suvidha Portal.
Common Electronic Challan Cum Return (ECR) facility for EPFO and ESIC.
Common Registration under 5 Central Labour Acts, by integration with DIPP's E-Biz Portal.
Facility of return submission under Mines Act for DGMS, on Shram Suvidha Portal.

Better Delivery of Service:
Employees Provident Fund Organisation

Universal Account Number (UAN):
Universal Account Number(UAN) programme launched on 16th October 2014 is designed to act as an umbrella for the multiple Member IDs allotted to same individual.
As on 31.08.2016, EPFO has allotted around 8.11 crore UAN to its members and around 2.82 crore of these members have activated using their Mobile number and enjoying various related services.

Online Registration of Establishments (OLRE):
As part of the commitment of Government to ease of doing business, on 30th June 2014, EPFO launched the facility for the establishments to apply online for allotment of PF Code Number.
Employers now apply online PF code number and upload the digitally signed documents at the time of application itself (from December 2015) and obtain on the spot code number immediately.
As on 31.08.2016, around 1.36 Lakhs establishments have already obtained online registration on OLRE portal till date.

Online Facilities to Members:
In September 2015, EPFO moved from e-governance to m-governance and launched a mobile application. So far over 11.08 lakhs members have downloaded the Mobile App.
Through Missed Call service at 01122901406, at no cost to the member, member is provided with all the envisaged details.

As on 09.09.2016, around 3.12 crores missed calls have been received since 16th September 2015.
The members who have activated their UAN receives regular SMS regarding their deposit of monthly PF contribution in their account. A SMS message is also being sent to employers that they have not deposited the monthly contribution or non-deposit of returns.

Exempted Establishments Brought on E-Portal
The exempted establishments are a big part of the EPFO compliance system and managing huge funds to the tune of approximately 3 lacs crores.

EPFO launched the facility of online submission of monthly return of contributions, investments and other activities.

Inoperative Accounts Helpdesk:
An online help desk created to assist the members in tracing their inoperative accounts and withdrawing or merging them with the present account (UAN) has helped in 65 thousand cases so far.

Updation of Accounts:
A new mechanism to credit the interest in members' accounts has been developed for auto-updation of members' accounts at the end of the financial year, updating with interest, more than 15 crore accounts.

Facilities to International Workers:
To ensure social security not only to persons working within India but also to those coming to India and going abroad, a facility was launched for the international workers for online fillable form seeking certificate of coverage (COC).

Global Network Operations Centre (g-NOC):
EPFO has started its Network Operation Centre at National Data Centre monitoring the IT functioning of the EPFO. It shall be nodal point for handling troubleshooting as well as detecting and preventing all external threats.

Compliance Analysis & Monitoring System of EPFO:
This software was launched o 16.02.2016
Principal employers, registered with EPFO & Government Department which are not registered with EPFO will upload details of contract awarded with due details - which will be available to EPFO for checking.

Employees State Insurance Corporation:
ESI Scheme - The Employees' State Insurance Corporation- ESIC (Ministry of Labour & Employment) is a social security organisation that provides comprehensive medical care and cash benefits in the contingencies of Sickness, Maternity, Disablement, death due to employment injury and Unemployment to beneficiaries I.e the organized sector working class in the lower wage bracket of the society. The total number of Insured Persons covered (as on 31.03.2015) are 2.03 crore and number of beneficiaries (as on 31.03.2015) 7.89 crore.

ESIC Medical College, Coimbatore has been handed over to the State Government of Tamil Nadu on 02.02.2016.
ESIC has now resolved to adopt two Model Hospitals, in each State.
Providing appropriate cancer detection/treatment facilities, cardiology treatment facilities, dialysis facilities on PPP Model at different levels of hospitals.
For facilitating the practice of telemedicine, the RFP for pilot run has already been floated and the project is expected to go live in the next three months.
Special focus has been paid for upgradation of Dispensaries, 24 Dispensaries in ESIC buildings have been identified for up- gradation to 30 bedded set up to provide 24�7 services.
Pathological & X-ray facilities will be provided on PPP model in all the dispensaries in phases. Pathological services in all dispensaries of Delhi has been started from 30th November, 2015. Laboratory and ECG Services has been started in ESI Dispensary of Delhi/Noida area.
Mother and Child Care Hospital in every State: ESIC has constituted a committee to prepare the norms for setting up a Mother and Child Care Hospital in every State.

CompliCheck is running some exciting promotions that includes providing free advisory, audit and consulting with various types of packages. To know more about our bundle of services and the offers, send us an email at  contactus@complicheck.in


 By Sanjay Soni


Article Source: 2016 - The Achievements of Ministry of Labour

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